natural gas

natural gas
/nætʃrəl ˈgæs/ (say nachruhl 'gas)

combustible gas formed naturally in the earth, as in regions yielding petroleum, and consisting typically of methane with certain amounts of hydrogen and other gases; used as a fuel, etc.
As an energy source, natural gas has a number of advantages. It burns without smoke or soot and has a high heat value. Environmentally, it outperforms coal and oil with fewer greenhouse gas and other emissions. In 2010-11 gas provided one fifth of Australia's final energy consumption. Australia has good reserves of natural gas although 90 per cent of the supplies are in the Carnarvon and Browse basins in offshore north-western WA and in the Bonaparte Basin on Australia's north-west continental margin – far removed from eastern seaboard markets. The bulk of domestic needs in eastern Australia is supplied from the Cooper/Eromanga basins in north-east SA and south-west Qld. Coal seam gas (gas associated with coal mining), another source of natural gas, is found in NSW and Qld, considerably closer to the large eastern Australian markets.
Demand for energy is surging world-wide and since the 2011 Japanese nuclear disaster, nuclear power has been banned or restricted in many countries. The first exports of liquefied natural gas from Australia to Asia in 2014 are predicted to become by 2017 the world's largest gas export industry.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Natural gas — Natural Nat u*ral (?; 135), a. [OE. naturel, F. naturel, fr. L. naturalis, fr. natura. See {Nature}.] 1. Fixed or determined by nature; pertaining to the constitution of a thing; belonging to native character; according to nature; essential;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • natural gas — ➔ gas * * * natural gas UK US noun [U] NATURAL RESOURCES ► gas that is found underground, which is used as a fuel: »Russia has about half the world s coal reserves, 25% of its natural gas, and 18% of its gold …   Financial and business terms

  • natural gas — atural gas n. The combustible gas found associated with petroleum deposits, and also in other geological formations, comprised predominantly of methane plus variable other constitutents. It is an important source of energy, and is transported… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • natural gas — n [U] gas used for heating and lighting, taken from under the earth or under the sea …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • natural gas — noun uncount * a gas that is found inside the earth and that can be used for heating or cooking …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • natural gas — ► NOUN ▪ flammable gas, consisting largely of methane, occurring naturally underground and used as fuel …   English terms dictionary

  • natural gas — n. a mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons, chiefly methane, occurring naturally in the earth, often in association with petroleum deposits, and piped to cities, factories, etc., to be used as a fuel …   English World dictionary

  • Natural gas — For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). Natural gas extraction by countries in cubic meters per year. Natural gas is a naturally occurring gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, typically with 0–20% higher hydrocarbons[1] …   Wikipedia

  • natural gas — a combustible mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons that accumulates in porous sedimentary rocks, esp. those yielding petroleum, consisting usually of over 80 percent methane together with minor amounts of ethane, propane, butane, nitrogen, and,… …   Universalium

  • Natural gas —    Russia is the world’s leader in natural gas production, easily outstripping its closest competitors, the United States and Canada. Each year, the country produces 654 billion cubic meters of natural gas, or more than 20 percent of global… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation